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Celebrating Diwali - Festival of Light

Diwali (also Divali, Deepavali or Deepawali) is a religious festival also known as the "festival of lights" celebrating members of various religions in India such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism.

The festival marks the homecoming of Hindu god Rama of Ayodhya after 14 years of exile in the forest after his victory over Ravana, and signifies the victory of good over evil, light over darkness.

The festival takes place on the fifteenth day of the dark fortnight of Kārttika (October 21 to November 18), and can last four or five days. Commemorates the death of demon Narakasura at the hands of Krishna and the release of sixteen thousand maidens he had imprisoned. also celebrates the return to the city of Ayodhya Prince Rama after his victory over Ravana, the demon king. According to legend, the inhabitants of the city filled the walls and rooftops with lamps that Rāma could easily find the way. Hence the tradition of lighting multitude of lights during the night began.

During Diwali, homes are thoroughly cleaned and windows are opened to welcome Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess of fortune, and for this, candles and lamps are lit to greet her. Gifts are exchanged and festive meals are prepared, and the celebration has the same meaning for Hindus as Christmas for Christians.

Due to the large amount of regions that make up India, there are different manifestations of the Diwali festival. At least in one area, the festival begins with Dhanteras, a day dedicated to worship Laksmi. In Hindu culture, wealth is not seen as a corrupting power; on the contrary, it is considered that a rich person has been awarded for the good deeds of his past life.

The second day of the festival, is worshiped Kali, the goddess of strength. On this day focuses on abolishing laziness and evil is also made.

The third day (the last day of the year on the lunar calendar), lamps are lit and glowing in every home. The lamp symbolizes knowledge and promote reflection on the purpose of each day of the festival. The goal is to remember the purpose throughout the year.

The fourth day of Diwali falls on the first day of the Lunar New Year. At that time, they close the old business accounts and open new books. It pays to worship these books at a special ceremony and participants are encouraged to remove anger, hatred and envy of their lives.

On the last day of the festival (Balipratipada) is reminiscent of Bali, an ancient Hindu king. Bali destroyed the centuries old philosophies; however, in addition to this reform, we are reminded to Bali for being a generous person. The aim of this day is to see the good in others, including enemies.

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